To begin with, there are several signals that can be processed during the acquisition and filtering stage. These include real-time signals, analog signals, and numerical signals that are converted to mathematical form. The processing of these signals involves converting them to the format needed for analysis.
There are several ways to process digital signals using MATLAB. These include filtering, conversion, and accumulation.
The filters are the first step in signal processing. These include frequency, amplitude, and phase filters as well as band-pass and low-pass filters.
The absorption of a signal occurs when a signal is not absorbed by the material or medium being processed. As an example, the paper being processed may absorb a signal but this is not exactly what you want to hear. In addition, paper absorbs sound waves, so a signal that is originally transmitted on paper should be compensated by the MATLAB software in order to render it audible on the computer.
The absorption process is not the only way a signal can be received by the computer. Another way is by introducing any filtering into the signal. This process is called filtering as it controls the type of signal that is presented to the computer.
There are three types of filters – Band-pass, Low-pass, and Subband. Band-pass filters filter the frequencies above the band-pass threshold. For example, you would place a band-pass filter to handle analog signals above the bandwidth. A low-pass filter does the same for digital signals.
Subband filters are the third type of filter and handles signals that fall below the subband specified by the band-pass or low-pass filter. In other words, this filter decides the lower limit of the signal that is processed.
The sum and difference filters work in conjunction with both the absorption and filtering processes. This combines all the effects of the absorber and the filtering process to determine the overall amplitude of the signal.
It is possible to use the equalizer in the Matlab program to increase the noise attenuation of a signal. This allows the signals to be processed and presented to the computer to be quieter so it does not interfere with the operation of other processes.
Of course, once a signal has been acquired, you can decide how to encode the signal. There are several options. You can convert the signal from the format needed for processing into an internal format, or you can decode the signal in a different format so it can be read by the MATLAB software.
An important thing to remember when dealing with signal acquisition and filtering is that the signal can not be processed unless it is transformed to another format. And, a signal can only be transformed into an internal format if it is understood in its original format.